Congratulations! You have decided to get involved in the hobby of model railroading. You really want to build your first train layout, but you do not know what scale you should select to model. The scale you pick to model in is going to be determined by the amount of space you have allocated for your layout.
The term model railroaders use to describe the real life railroads is “prototype.” “Scale” is the comparative ratio of measurements of the model and the full-size prototype it represents. The prototype railroads are considered to be 1:1 and the models are scaled down from this ratio. The other aspect of a model’s size is “gauge.” This refers to the size of the space between the rails of the track. There has to be consistency in the hobby so that the manufacturers can produce products that cater to their customer’s needs.
The two smallest scales are Z and N. A fifty foot full-size locomotive measures 2 ¾ inches. People have built model railroads inside coffee tables and briefcases using Z scale trains. N scale has become very popular to model in over the past decade or so. The ratio for N scale is 1:160. Many manufacturers have increased their product lines to cater to the expanding needs of N scale model railroaders.
The most popular scale to model in by far is HO scale. A 50 foot locomotive is only 7 inches in length if done in Ho scale. The majority of manufacturers have product lines in HO scale, so buying just about what ever piece of equipment you want to model should not be a problem. Many basic starter train sets come in HO scale, so chances are this is what you will be deciding to model in anyway.
The next two sizes are S scale and O scale. S scale was popularized by the American Flyer line of model trains. S Scale is still being produced by several manufacturers. O scale is very popular and is classified in the “toy train” category. O scale track has a third rail that runs down the middle of the track. O scale is 1:48 of the prototype. The 50 foot locomotive is going to be 12 ½ inches long in O Scale. Lionel is a well-known brand that makes products for O Scale.
The largest scales used in the model railroad hobby are classified as “large scale trains.” There are a few different scales that come in this category. All the models in the large scale trains classification run on Gauge 1 track. For 1:29 proportion, the 50 foot locomotive measures 20 ¾ inches. Large scale trains are perfect for running outdoors in what modelers call garden railroaders. They are also popular at Christmas time to run underneath a decorated Christmas tree.
Since you are interested in building your first model railroad, you will probably select building a layout in either N scale or HO scale. Both of these scales have more than enough products …
Finally, it is a new year and you definitely have the right to kick start your year with some fancy resolutions. However, resolutions don’t live very long because of various reasons but there are times when resolutions are supposed to live long, for your benefit and for the benefit of your reputation.
Fashion resolutions of the year 2016 have long gone by with the year ended. Now is the time for you to look up to the year 2017 and find promise yourself that you’re not going to look ordinary this year. This article talks about the various fashion resolutions that’ll make the new year for more fashionable and stylish without causing a havoc on their pockets.
1. Shop smart!! Shop Less!!
No! This aspect doesn’t mean that you are smart if you shop less but it actually means that you must shop smartly and shop less. Well, in the last year, you must have bagged in a lot of articles that weren’t of any use. You just bought them from the sale and didn’t even wear it twice. Whether you have a plethora of the trendy pieces, but you need to stop before you swipe that card again. Think of the basics first and also the fact that do you really need what you’re purchasing. With the rock solid answer, you’ll be able to justify better.
2. Introspect your strengths but don’t forget your weaknesses
The next big that you need to figure yourself is that you will never go out of the way to buy articles that you aren’t sure about. Many times you see something on the hoarding on the subway that features a handsome man wearing something sexy, you want it so bad but aren’t sure whether you’ll look in it or not. Don’t buy it. Make sure you know that your physique is not like the model in the hoarding had. Choose something that fits you well and enhances your positives rather than hiding them behind your drawbacks. Every body type has something good to show off, whether it is your broad, sturdy shoulders or your chiseled body, make sure that you opt for clothes that give you a flattering fit rather than those which make you look fatter.
3. Get your clothes tailored
Well, you ca say that for your underneath fashion, but your outfits must fit you well if you really want to bang on for your reputation. Finding yourself a tailor is an easy task but what’s difficult is that the tailor understands you well and tailors your outfits which bring out the best in you. He must know what you need when you are too confused yourself. With a talent of tweaking the suits and shirts, he must have the ability to give you the best look possible.
4. Think of clothing inside out
When you think of clothing, what is the first thing that comes to your mind? Shirt? Pant? Jacket? Or something else? Have you ever thought about your …
If you are truly passionate about modeling and want to impress a modeling agency, the best way to do it is undoubted to submit the best photos. We reveal some important advice on photos model agencies are looking out for and some guidelines for you to follow.
Simplicity is not dullness
Contrary to what may be your instinctive idea, model agencies are not looking out for extraordinary photos or fancy clothes! This may actually work against you. Firstly, the agency might think you are an inflexible person who is only interested in a particular style of fashion and modeling. They may also perceive your effort as arrogance. Agencies are looking for fresh material they can mold and most importantly a humble person they can cooperate and work with. No agency wants to sign someone who they feel might be difficult to work in harmony with.
Therefore, always submit photos with simple clothes and minimal makeup. Solid, dark colors such as maroon and blue would prevent too much distraction and focus the attention on you, your body and facial features more in the photograph.
Avoid too much clutter and photo noise in the background. Your background should be as simple as it can be. Remember that model agencies are looking out for YOU and not anyone else, so only you should be in your photographs, and if all else fails, find a simple white wall, and use it as your background.
Modeling agencies are filled with staff and personnel who are photoshop gurus because of the nature of the industry. They will spot your edit on a photo from miles away. So don’t try your luck with Photoshop or any other software. No editing should be necessary for you to look good on a photo in any case. Moreover, if you do edit and get called for an interview, imagine the disappointment that you will be giving the agency on your first day itself. The best way is to go natural and be known for your authentic look and confident personality. A credible agency will have the creative brains to imagine you with the makeup and clothes of varying degrees and complexities without you physically wearing them.
If you are truly interested in modeling and want to dedicate your life to it, how you post on social media matters a lot too. Model agencies are usually online and digitally savvy to keep their agency relevant with the times. They are likely to do some background research on you if they are interested in you. That said; don’t be posting studio quality shots or photos online. Model agencies don’t want you to be portraying your social life like a professional job network. Post casual photographs and selfies that show that you can look good without putting in too much effort. Show that you know how to have a good time and have a vibrant personality.
So there you have it, the top qualities in photographs agencies …
Back in the early days of MMA, a small clothing company in Signal Hill, California, rose up to become a big name in the hardcore fashion genre. By sponsoring big names in UFC, like Georges St. Pierre, Randy Couture, and Quinton Jackson, as well as heavy hitters from other hardcore arenas, Oscar De La Hoya, Shane Mosley and Zab Judah, Affliction was able to show that to emulate your MMA or heavy weight boxing idols, you had to wear the same clothes they were wearing. Affliction became the leader in the “Wear your attitude” fashion field.
Started up in 2005 by Tom Atencio, Todd Beard, Eric Foss, and Clifton Chason, the brand was conceived by fighters for fighters, which helped lead to the success of Affliction, and some of the offshoot companies that would develop through the business model Affliction had created. Sinful, a line of Affliction clothing for women is characterized by the religious expressions, like angels or angel wings, or other symbolic imagery – doves, burning hearts, roses, and skulls are also commonly found on Sinful outfits. Xtreme Couture, a division of Affliction developed by Randy Couture and his wife Kim Couture in 2007, carries UFC clothing, as well as fitness supplements, and MMA training facilities.
It wouldn’t be MMA without drama, and the Affliction brand has had its share. In late 2008, co-owner Todd Beard opted to resign after receiving a restraining order from Randy Couture’s wife. The restraining order became necessary after Beard carried out a “campaign of terror” against the Couture’s because they asked him to provide a thorough accounting of the profits. On the Canadian front, night clubs in Vancouver and Victoria, BC, as well as notorious night club Cowboy’s in Calgary, decided to bar patrons wearing Affliction or Ed Hardy clothing from entering the premises, claiming that the clothing was a gang related uniform. Affliction responded by claiming no affiliation with gangs, and that the clothing is simply an “upscale men’s boutique brand.”
After a few years of sponsoring UFC fighters, the Affliction team had a difference of opinions over business practices with the UFC management. Affliction decided to become MMA promoters, and formed the company Affliction Entertainment, which cost them a lucrative spot in the UFC ring. After two successful co-promoted events in 2008 and 2009, Affliction got hit with a curve ball with less than 60 hours before their next event. One of the fighters in the main event was rumored to have positively tested for steroids, and would not be permitted to fight in the event. In what was a probably humbling experience, the Affliction team decided to take up the UFC’s previous offer of ad space on the Octagon and the UFC fighters, providing they ceased all fight promoting operations.
UFC president Dana White said in a statement “We are excited about the return of Affliction to the UFC and look forward to seeing our fighters once again walk into the octagon wearing the Affliction brands. Affliction is an …
The 1980's saw the Rise of the Supermodel, fabulously beautiful women such as Cindy Crawford, Kate Moss and Linda Evangelista, all of whom gained great power and recognition in the fashion industry. For the first time, the models were becoming more famous than the designers – and just as recognizable as many Hollywood stars. With this newfound stardom came a model's ability to control her career for the first time. No longer just living and breathing mannequins, models were charting their own courses – and becoming multi-tiered brands in the process.
Although the era of the true Supermodel has passed, the effect it had on the careers of many models – and the fashion industry as a whole – remains to this day.
Today, designers strive to be associated with the best, hottest faces. Models that capture the eye of a top designer can see their careers skyrocket, as they become the exclusive face of that line for years to come. And while giant supermodels no longer roam, this is truly an exciting time to be a model – with more web-based opportunities, thousands of new magazine titles in need of ads and a revitalized international fashion presence that provides opportunities around the globe.
And it is more important than ever that models increase their visibility across ALL entertainment platforms, as many designer now turn to A-list movie stars for many of their high-end shoots. The Vogue pages that were once the exclusive domain of top models are now filled with the likes of Nicole Kidman, Ashley Judd and Naomi Watts.
What does this mean to the career of an aspiring model? In one sense, there is more competition than ever in the world of modeling. But in another, more positive way, there are also more opportunities to really make an impact on the world of fashion and beyond.
Models in the 21st Century are more a part of the TOTAL MARKETING of fashion. So when you are linked to a line or a designer, it raises your profile and puts you more in demand. And the exposure models receive is now greater than ever. With the advent of reality TV and the celebrity culture, we are hungry to know more and more about the person BEHIND the look. And that means more chances to get exposure and get paid.
Note for a model just starting out: try and expose yourself to all aspects of the industry. This means understanding the world of fashion and how it is marketed. And more importantly, do not limit yourself. Once you have a good grasp on your modeling skills, explore other creative arts such as acting, singing, movement and film. As a model in the new world of fashion you are MORE than just a mannequin, you are an entertainer, a marketer, a real presence.
The model plays a greater role in the world of fashion today. Now get out there and take the world by storm! …
The Haute Couture of modeling is a specific kind modeling that requires a great deal of commitment and passion.
Unlike commercial or advertisement modeling which accepts almost all kinds of models based on their relevance to the marketplace, fashion modeling is almost like an art form that has its own unique standard to meet. Usually a height of above 170cm, waist measurement of 35″-36″ and angular jaw, cheek and collar bones are expected. It is very rare for shorter models to be in fashion modeling, in which case only a very exceptional skin or look will be able to pass through. The sad truth is that either you’re born with it or you are not. There are many options in the modeling world, and not everyone is suited for everything.
Know the Best Modeling Market for You
Your look and style should also consider the market you want to be in. To fit in the demand in the types of high fashion you will be involved will mostly cater to an Asian or West market. The styles are not fixed to solely Asian, but incorporate many types of high fashion including Western trends. For markets like South Asia, modeling is mostly indigenous in nature and will have to adopt the market’s style, in which case it should suit your looks. Because of a rapidly globalizing world, one has to conduct thorough research to be able to identify which market is best for their particular look and style.
Find a good agency
Finding a good agency can never be understated in its importance. Not all agencies cater to fashion modeling and some only provide specific styles. You should seek out for agencies that will be able to provide for a variety of styles. A good agency will also take the time and effort to create a good portfolio for you and market your brand and look well. You should do some research on the top model agencies and the previous models they have helped to develop before you make a finalized decision.
Establish networks and exposure
As you get exposed to various clients throughout your career, aim to establish good contacts through networking and who knows what kind of opportunities may pass by your way. Also make sure to keep constant contact with your bookers or model agents for opportunities in the market. Gain as diverse a range of exposure as possible. Fashion model’ contracts are hard to get, so if you want it you have to be patient and be willing to cooperate with the Booker.
Fashion modeling is a competitive industry that doesn’t suit everyone. It requires much commitment in terms of time and energy and only accepts certain ideal bodies.…
Fashion is often dismissed as a frivolous frippery, a nonsense, something that really does not matter at all. Those without an interest in the topic can often be more than scathing about it. But those people are missing something. Fashion really does matter. Here are just a few of the reasons why this subject and the industry it has spawned should definitely not be underestimated or ignored:
The Fashion Industry Employs Millions
The fashion industry is one on which many people around the world rely. From those who design the clothes, in their rarefied world, to those who model them, in a world replete with unrealistic expectations and unreasonable demands, to the millions who graft, sometimes in horrific circumstances, to manufacture the clothes we all wear. Yes, the fashion industry most definitely has its problems, but that makes it even more true that it really does matter. People who say that fashion does not matter are dismissing the daily concerns of many people around the world. It matters very much and that is why we should do what we can to help reform the industry.
Fashion Can Change the World
Fashion can help people to show who they are, to show an affinity to a certain group, to show their political and social affiliations and to make a statement about where they have come from, where they are and where they are going. Throughout history, a widespread change in the way people dress has often been a huge part of societal change. Think of the 1960s. It could be argued that liberation in dress, in fashion, filtered through and brought about liberation of different kinds. Fashion can be a world-changing thing. We have to change and in a more sustainable future, a reformed fashion industry will have to be part of the system. Fashion can help us change the world for the better.
Fashion is A Form of Creative Expression
Fundamentally, fashion is about creative expression. We can each of us use fashion to express to those around us information about who we really are. As such, fashion can be a key part of an individuals personal growth and development, helping each person become more confidence and more assured in who they are underneath. Fashion, for all its flaws, is about art and creativity, which is one of the most important elements of humanity, one of the things that sets human beings apart. Who could possibly say that that does not matter?…
Fashion for kids is becoming an increasingly more popular trend these days, as some TV shows have actually features and covered this theme extensively. Who says you have to buy amazing ladies fashion clothes to use only on adults? You can purchase them for some beautiful ladies that just happen to be 10 years old, love to prance in front of the mirror and have a natural ability for the catwalk. We are going to talk a bit in this article about the main advantages fashion for kids entails and I will also offer you a link to help you choose the perfect fashion clothes for your kids.
The main advantage of fashion for kids is how large the choice roster is. You can literally dress a kid with an empty barrel and some wooden shoes and he will still probably look good, however fashion for kids takes this art to a whole new step. You can turn your 10 year old daughter into a real princess if you wish so, by purchasing some fashion clothes online from specialized websites, and also your 10 year old boy can look like a young man with a nice suit and some good posture.
Also fashion for kids is becoming famous due to the many live TV shows that promote modeling for kids. You can find some 4 year old children prancing on the stage filled with energy and dressed with the latest kid fashion clothing items, looking as good as Heidi Klum and Naomi Campbell. Well maybe not as good as them, however close enough. Also let’s face it. Who does not want their kid to look as cool as possible. Fashion for ids can make this happen, by completely changing the image of your child, making him look more refined and in certain cases even more mature.
Also fashion clothing for kids can vary between ages ranging from baby to toddler and young teenager so that the choices are free and many. Also in a playful manner, you can even find some fashion clothes for kids that are Halloween themed, so that you can scare other kids out of their minds, while still wearing a famous brand.
Turning your kid into the next best world known model is now at the top of your fingertips, with all the newly designed clothing wear for kids. One other thing: there are even haute-couture designer who take care of you child’s red carpet gown.…
Creating a model portfolio is a process
Ok, you're ready to create your portfolio. All you have to do is contact your local photographer, set up a photo session, have prints made and put them in a book, right? WRONG !!!
You want your model portfolio to be professional, complete, and impressive when you show it. This is one of the single most important steps you'll take other than promotion so get it right!
What is a model portfolio?
Your model portfolio book will be made up of a book with anywhere between 10 and 25 photos normally consisting of 9×12 prints.
You will want a good selection of different types of "looks" in your portfolio. For example; have some photos created indoors in a home setting, some in the studio, some outdoors in different locations.
Also include shots which may be considered commercial, fashion, casual, and editorial content. Ask the photographer to help you with choosing looks that best fit your personality and the type modeling you wish to pursue.
You'll also want to include a good headshot (without makeup) and a good body shot (swimwear or tight-fitting clothing) especially if you plan to apply to the larger model markets. These larger markets such as the top NY agencies like to see exactly what they are getting when they view your photos. They do not want to see fancy posing or clutter, just you so keep this in mind when creating model photos for them to view.
Do not think that "more is better". It's much more effective to have 8 absolutely beautiful, perfectly shot photos in your portfolio than 100 mediocre ones.
Please keep this in mind when putting your portfolio together because it's very important! If you have to really pine over whether or not an image makes the grade for quality or belongs in your model book, it most likely does not.
A professional photographer or agent can help you decide when it comes to quality of photos so ask for advice if you're not sure. Also, you can view images on model agency websites or on my on site at Http://www.bobpardue.com/model/photo-gallery to see the if the quality of your image is up to standard.
Let's get started
Now, let's get started in developing your model portfolio. A really good, complete model portfolio is not created overnight. You will develop it as you develop your talent by working with different photographers.
Different photographers? Will not this cost a fortune?
A terrific model portfolio will not cost you a fortune if you follow the simple steps below. Your model portfolio will not be free, mind you, but way less expensive than paying several different photographers to shoot each section.
Step One – Paid Photo Session
If you are working on a tight budget, this may be a little painful to you but worth it if you are trying to build a killer portfolio.
Finding a photographer for your first model session
Although your local portrait photographer may …
Pocahontas was chatting with her friend Captain John Smith, comparing her reed-covered hut with his sturdy log home. “Hey John,” she asked, “What style is your house?”
“I’m not sure,” Smith answered, “I think it’s a Colonial.”
Most American homes contain some elements of Architectural style; some are “pure” examples of style, but most have bits and pieces of different styles. The job of identifying a home’s style is a little easier if you know a bit of history and look at a few key features including massing, roof shape, window size and placement, and detailing.
Most American Colonists were English, so most Colonial homes are derived from English styles. The earliest were based on old medieval homes, easily identified by simple massing, a few small windows, and massive chimneys. The New England saltbox with its lower back roofline is a common adaptation of the medieval style; Dutch Colonials have similar massing but are distinguished by their distinctive gambrel roof style.
Interest in English Colonial architecture grew tremendously with the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia in the early 20th century. A great many suburban homes of the 1930s and 1940s are based on the Colonial Williamsburg model and that influence continues today.
Georgian Colonial style is very common and has many variations. The best-known Georgian homes are of red brick, although wood siding is also common. Georgian homes are simply massed; usually have a centered front door; double-hung windows; and a gabled or hipped roof. Georgians range in decoration from the very plain to the very elaborate.
Revival and Eclectic Styles
Home designers and builders have been influenced by styles from earlier times throughout American history. In the 19th Century, many homes were based on classical models.
Greek Revival homes have very simple forms, often just a single rectangular block. Taking cues from Greek temples, builders added a front porch with massive columns, and a very heavy cornice line at the roof.
Italianate styled homes emphasize the vertical and are almost always very elaborately decorated. The cornice line at the roof of an Italianate is notable for wide overhangs and large scrollwork brackets, and the windows are often crowned with ornately carved headers.
Colonial Revivals aren’t copies of original Colonials; rather they’re liberal interpretations of all shapes and sizes, using Colonial details and elements for inspiration. The Colonial Revival style was extremely popular during the early 20th Century and almost always has a front porch, a detailed cornice line, double hung windows, and symmetrical massing. Many new homes that don’t fit into other stylistic categories might be best classified as Colonial Revivals.
Tudor is a very free-form style. Typically they’re very asymmetrical with very steeply pitched roofs. A wide variety of material is seen on the outside, although the best-known examples include some “half-timbering” – areas of stucco or brick broken up with wood timbers. The entry of a Tudor home is often modest but heavy, and windows are broken up with many small panes. Tudor style was …