A study of the history of ear gauging indicates the practice to be as old as recorded human history. For males, this form of ear piercing has been a symbol of status, while for women, in addition to being used as means of bodily decoration, it has also been employed to signify the attainment of womanhood.
Ear gauging, which is also referred to as ear stretching, is the stretching of ear lobe piercings to larger diameters than that of the original piercing. It is a form of body enhancement or beautification that many young western people adopt to look ‘different’ from the usual crowd. However, this is not a modern form of body piercing, since it has been around for as long as archaeological records exist.
In many cases, ear gauging has been used historically to indicate the standing of members of a specific tribe, and in many respects this is still the situation today. Stretched piercings have been, and still are, a reflection on the individual’s sexual capability and also their superiority over other males in the tribe. The larger the stretching, the more important the individual.
Otzi the Iceman is a prime example of mummies known to have stretched ears. This is the earliest known example of ear gauging, Otzi having 7-11 mm ear piercings during 3300 BC. It has been suggested that the stretching of the ears noted in depictions of Siddhartha Gautama, better known as Buddha, may have been caused by the weight of the gold jewelry he wore, but this is mere supposition.
It is supported, however, by the fact that the Masai tribe of Kenya and the Lahu and Karen-Paduang people of Thailand use this ‘gravity’ technique to stretch their piercings. Let us have a look at the ear gauging practices used today by various cultures.
A. Mursi Tribal Women
The Mursi is an Ethiopian tribe where the women are obliged to wear plates in their gauged ears and on their bottom lip. About a year prior to her marriage, or at about 15 years of age, a Mursi girl’s lip will be pierced by her mother and a wooden peg pushed through the incision.
Once healed, the peg is changed for a larger diameter one. Eventually, the peg is replaced by a plate of clay or wood, and this plate is successively changed for larger diameter ones until the required diameter is attained – from around 8 – 22 cm in diameter (3 – 9 inches). Once these plates have been secured, she receives a higher degree of respect than those without them, and is known as a ‘Bhansanai’.
These lip and ear plates need not be worn permanently, but are an expected adornment during special occasions such as during weddings and other celebrations, and when they serve food to men. Today, young women can generally make their own decision as to whether or not they follow this tradition.
B. The Masai People of Kenya
The practice of ear gauging has been common …
Valentine’s Day is a yet another ordinary day for few. However, this day is really special for all those who are madly in love with the women of their life. The fun and romantic vibes of the event is accompanied with the responsibility of making the day special for your girl.
Gifts are an inevitable part of the entire celebration. This is a way of expressing your feeling to her. People are of the view that Valentine is a commercial holiday, but the fact can’t be avoided that a unique present can commemorate the relationship with your lady love. This day and the traditions related to it is something that both of you will cherish forever. So, take some time out of your busy schedule and get something for her.
Discussed below are some of the considerate Valentine’s gift ideas for your girlfriend. Check them out and impress your girl.
1. Bouquet and cards
How can a bouquet and card be a thoughtful gift? Probably this is the first question that will come in the minds of every man. However, you need to remember that you are supposed to impress a girl. No matter how modern she is, there is no woman around who appreciate gifts of this sort. Moreover, there is nothing as expressive as a rose, when it comes to confessing your love. Along with this, a Valentine card with a couple of lines written on it can do the magic. It might sound cliche, but receiving a love letter from the person you love is always special.
2. Shoes and handbags
Don’t consider buying dresses for girls. There are factors that are required to considered while shopping an attire for ladies. The chances of going wrong in your choice are higher. Shoes and handbags are always a safe option for them. These are, in fact, the best friends of women. Regardless of the fact that they have already a huge collection of footwear and bags, there is always a place for some more in their closet. Buy a pair of branded footwear or ladies purse and she will go head over heel.
Women have the fetish for accessories like earrings, necklaces, ring fingers, scarves and things of this sort. Hence, this can prove to be a perfect gift for them. The heart shaped couple jewelry such as pendants, rings etc. are other in fashion items for the Valentine week. Girls go crazy when they receive these things from the man of their life. Moreover, this is something that both of you can cherish.
4. Personalized gifts
Home decor items like wall hangings, pillow covers, lamp, wind chime, and others are a safe option for a woman, especially when you are not good at shopping. You can make it even more special by customizing them. Select some of the best pictures of both you together and get it printed on the product. The decorative items engraved with an image or message will remind her of you, …
For a modern and younger style some young men have been mixing and combining different tendencies for a more raging and unique style. Male fashion has widened its horizons and has separated from the traditional look. Some of the most popular tendencies for combining are different fabrics like cotton and silk, jean and the seersucker. Bermudas with bright color t-shirts are also one of the most popular trends for summer, some of the worst errors that men have done in the past year has been to be extremely combined, making them look boring and traditional. What is in right now is to be as far away as possible from whatever is predictable in fashion.
Just like in women's fashion, a man's skin tone and body silhouette is always important when choosing a new fashion style, it is important to always feel comfortable, what you wear projects how you feel.
Layering is a trend that is usually seen in the winter but will be one of the most preferred for this season. Wear a polo shirt over your t-shirt and cover them with a formal jacket or a sportier jacket, like a hoodie, for a more casual look. Layering adds style and versatility, avoiding simplicity, but always keeping in mind the weather, you do not want your sweat drops to appear all of a sudden if you take off your jacket. Layering is also useful if you are heavier, try using a v-neck sweater and vertical lines or small prints.
Blue, red and green are the colors for this season, can be used for every skin tone, try combining them with more neutral tones like gray to step back from the conventional. Seersucker and linen are popular fabrics for summer, ideal for warm weather. To add more personality and individuality to your look, no matter to what occasion, Converse All Star sneakers break the barriers for a formal affair; this type of shoe with a short sleeve black shirt, black pants and a formal tie will always make you look fashionable. You can also wear them with funky printed shirts for a more juvenile style.
Another odd piece for the summer but very demanding for this summer in particular is the cardigan; This button down type of sweater comes in solid colors and with designs, perfect to wear over a polo shirt or t-shirt, men should not be afraid to play around with the numerous styles that can be born with cardigans. For a more casual look after work, just change your blazer to a more casual cardigan or v-neck sweater and roll up your sleeves.
The safari look is another characteristic for this summer; khakis, army green, and leather accessories like belts, bracelets and even necklaces will complete this look.
Men should always be adventurous and make untraditional combinations and fashion experiments because in contrast that they find the magic of fashion. The typical blazer and tie can be replaced with a button down shirt with a v-neck sweater. …
Women love to purchase jewelry and today there is a wide variety of jewelry to choose from. This includes everything from modern to traditional jewelry with your choice of metal. With all of these choices available to you, there are definitely some things that you must consider before you make your purchase. These things include:
1. Do you want to purchase just 1 piece of jewelry or an entire set? You need to know what you want to buy before you ever enter the jewelry store.
2. What is your budget like? The cost of an item will depend upon its weight, size and the materials that it is made out of as well as any taxes.
3. Will this piece of jewelry complete the look that you are trying to achieve? You may find several pieces of jewelry that would work which is why you will want to try the jewelry on in a mirror before making your final decision.
4. Do you want to purchase a piece of jewelry that has stones in it? If so, then make sure that the jeweler weighs the gold without the stones so that you are paying the appropriate price for the piece that you are purchasing.
5. What is its true quality like? This is very important, especially since you are considering purchasing something as precious as gold or a diamond. For this reason, you should be knowledgeable about these things before purchasing any jewelry.
6. Is the design really attractive and up-to-date with the latest fashion trends? Consider whether you want a contemporary or a traditional design. This way you will not be tempted to buy something that you are not going to be happy with in the end.
If you are able to keep these tips in mind the next time that you purchase a piece of jewelry, you will be able to get a really beautiful piece of jewelry for yourself. …
1940’s Women’s fashion was a time of great restrictions on design, fabric, and trim materials. The war forced clothing designs to be simple yet it also forced manufactures to be creative with what they could use and invent new materials. The 1940’s brought about new women’s fashion inventions many of which are still around today.
- The girdle. Prior to the 1940’s a women’s shape was made by metal boned corsets. In the 1940’s the girdle was invented as a form of tummy tuck underwear. It shaped just the middle down to the hips and created the smooth hourglass silhouette associated with vintage fashions. The girdle was uncomfortable and was eventually replaced by nylons or no shaping undergarment at all. Today the girdle returns with body shapers, control top stockings, control top underwear and other suck and smooth foundation garments. They name may have changed but these garments are just updated girdles in disguise.
- Wedge shoes. Leather and wood was needed for the war so shoe designs had to get creative. The solution was cork. A cork sole was used for shoe heels and then wrapped in a pretty fabric, mesh or even reptile skin. It was economical and allowed a taller heel then what was considered a safe heeled pump. Today wedgies come in and out of fashion, particularly in summer, when wedge sandals hit the beaches.
- Rayon. If you didn’t know, Rayon is a synthetic fabric. It was invented and became very popular in the 1940’s. Up till then wool, silk, and cotton was what clothing was made of. Silk and cotton were needed for the war so Rayon was used instead. It could be lightweight like silk or heavy like wool. Today rayon is still used in fine fabrics, especially in summer.
- Nylons. Prior to the 40’s women’s stockings were made of silk. They were very delicate and needed frequent mending and hand washing. Dupont then invented nylon and thus “Nylons” became a brand name for stockings. Today nylon is still used to make all kinds of hosiery and fabrics.
- The Zipper. Thanks to new inventions of the 1940’s women can zip up clothing instead of using buttons, snaps or lacing.
- Plastic. Although various forms of plastic had been around since the 1920’s it wasn’t until the 1940’s that they really took center stage in the fashion world. Jewelry was made of Bakelite plastic in big colorful designs. Handbags, makeup case, and household items were being made of Lucite. You may not recognize these plastic names but I am sure you are aware that plastic is everywhere in fashion- from cute barrettes to zippers to purse handles.
- Shoulder pads. You may think that the 1980’s were the first decade to use shoulder bags. They actually go back much farther than the 1940’s but as a regular fashion accessory for women the 1940’s were the first. They used shoulder pads in dresses, jackets, and blouses in order to square off the shoulder for a boxy military feel.
Rado is known for its craftsmanship that makes the brand the preferred name among the watch lovers. Quality and functionality have built a wide network for the brand that suppresses across the world. Rado comes up with watches that meet every occasion, be it a formal meeting or a casual get together. Every watch brings out the passion of the brand when it comes to designing watches. Each part has been taken care so that it radiates the glamour of the brand at its best. It is also obvious that Rado watch prices are expensive due to the use of high-stand functions to make them not only advanced but also aesthetically beautiful. Every collection comes with a different notion of style statement while admiring the essence of the brand as the finest watchmaker of the Swiss luxury world. Rado Coupole watches have been a part of the brand’s glorious journey since their introduction. Bringing forth a calm and sober look, they provide wearers with the utmost comfort for ages.
These watches, following a similar fashion statement, bring out the trend in different colours and appeals. Upholding a simplified look but in a captivating style, they brilliantly represent the style of the brand. The content mentions some of the pieces of Coupole collection that remain timeless due to having the finest touch of the brand.
R22854023 – Carry your confident fashion:
The look of the watch tells everything about the person who wears it on her wrist. It is a women’s watch that comes with a strong confident value reflected through the sharp cut of the designs. It has a 27mm dial made of stainless steel case that proudly houses the charming look with minimalism. The silver dial maintains a bold glance with the golden hands and indexes. Without disturbing the calm look of the dial, the brand name positioned below 12 o’clock reflects its own glamour. The thin and dynamic watch presents women’s confident attitude smartly. Finished with a two-tone strap, it stays on the wrist of women glamorously. Pair this watch with your formal look and celebrate your achievements glamorously.
R22854023 – Let your darling look elegantly
This Coupole watch has the grace of women to delight your wrist. The detailing is as admiring as your personality that always stays ahead with an undisturbed position in the society. Glamour is amazingly reflected through the 27mm mother of pearl dial illuminated with the diamond hour markers and the rose gold hands. Every addition follows the parameter of the brand to reveal a fine cut and a delicate design. The appeal of the watch is such that it soothes your eyes with an ultimate satisfaction. The elegant look is extended with the rose-gold bezel and the two-tone strap that magnificently circles the wrist of women. What makes the watch a timeless object is its cutting-edge appeal.
R22852713 – Be simple but sophisticated:
Allow your inner simplicity to set your own fashion statement. Your love for a minimalism convinces the brand to …
Style does not happen by accident.
It can not be clipped from the pages of a fashion magazine. It can not be purchased at a designer boutique. Style does not follow trends. It can not be copied, and it is never swayed by others.
Style does not worry about status. Style does not diminish with age. Style is not wonderful. Style is authentic, unique and expansive.
Style is powerful.
When you define your style, you define your life.
Have you ever left the house feeling confident about your look, only to find yourself standing in front of the mirror the next day confused how to recreate that fabulous vibe?
Do you ever feel burdened by a closet full of clothes and nothing to wear?
Style is not created randomly – it is an acquired skill, cultured through careful attention to details and nuances. Without an understanding of the psychology of color, line and design and a working knowledge of the part that they play in harmonizing apparel with appearance and expression, you may be unable to express why some clothes satisfy and others disappoint.
Your style is a unique collection of distinguishing characteristics, creating awareness around what flatters you directs focus to the best of you – you immediately feel better, stand straighter and think clearer. As your focus expands, so do all the positives you choose to focus on. Your unique profile is the how-to of taking your essence to self expression.
Most people look to celebrities, clothing designers and store mannequins for style guidance. While these can certainly offer inspiration, they can not replace your own internal style expert. True style works from the inside out, but in a clamorous world of contradictory information and countless choices; It is difficult to discern what your individual tastes really are.
In a huge field of choices and information – how do you edit?
What is the right hair cut for my face, how does make-up work for me, is this really my style?
A criterion is an essential guidepost to finding satisfaction in a culture currently pushing trend conformity and celebrity tour de force.
Defining yourself and making selections that ground your image feet appropriate because it reflects you and not the next turn of the rapidly changing trend wheel.
Style is a sensitivity waiting to be tapped. It is about the private pleasure you take in knowing who you are. Once you learn the underpinnings of proportion and design, your style naturally evolves.
Dressing well is an acquired skill. Ultimately it is a private process and is at its best when it springs from the human qualities of intelligence, passion and sense of humor. It creates a mindful state where you and others see where you want to go; It joins what you need to get there.
Style is a skill. It is a conscious process of self-discovery.
Image consultants provide you with the tools to express yourself authentically, distinctively and successfully. They help you to elevate the confusion …
Today you are very excited because you are thinking about how to start a new business with your jewelry designs. It will be a home based jewelry making business at first. You have selected a special place in your home to begin a new career. That is wonderful. Home based businesses are great! Many businesses had started in a home basement, a bedroom closet, at a kitchen table, or a table in the corner of the garage. It is a good start. And that is all you need.
Actually it is wise to start small. And take the necessary time to grow up with your jewelry making business and to build a solid reputation. The first time I went into business I experienced every emotion similar to when you purchase your first home. There is a mix of excitement, happiness, anxiety, fear, wonder, a sense of freedom and so on.
Take sensible business steps of education, preparation, and production and you will have the energy and stamina for a successful jewelry designer business. As artisans we are blessed with creativity and live in a world of beauty. You may take this for granted, however, because we are able to see beauty and to produce beautiful jewelry for others we are free to feel happy, relaxed and at peace with our creative employment making original handcrafted jewelry.
Because our jewelry designing surrounds us with gold, silver, precious gems, or cut glass, pearls, and beautiful charms this is our heaven on earth which make us emotionally and mentally strong and flexible to handle business or people related problems. This is an advantage that jewelry artists have working in beautiful and peaceful work settings. And should a problem arise they are calm and quick to correct the situation.
We love our work and will spend hours creating and assembling our fashion jewelry line. Therefore, we need to take time alone to recharge our body systems. I find myself addicted to making jewelry with beads and I am sure you are the same because you feel confident that you can maintain production to keep up with your customers needs and requirements.
You have also been encouraged to go into business because if you have been wearing your creations and doing word-of-mouth advertising amongst friends and relatives they have probably told you to get started in designing your own line of jewelry. …
With so many designers and trends targeting the svelte body
of the twenty-something, is it possible to look fashionable
as the years pass and your body begins to tell the tale?
In fact, with a little ingenuity and sleigh-of-hand, it’s
easy to be fashionable and stylish regardless of how many
candles are on your birthday cake.
Now let’s be frank: unless you work out religiously, you
probably don’t have the same body at 40, 50, or 60 that you
did at 25. Time, gravity, and pregnancy all take their toll
on the female body, as does menopause. And when you mix a
mature body with fashions obviously made for a younger
person, it can lead to self-doubt, frustration, and
But it doesn’t have to be that way. Getting older also
means getting wiser, and like a fine bottle of wine, you’re
improving with age. So you don’t have the same body as
those twenty-somethings you see in magazines or on TV. So
what? Would you REALLY trade everything you’ve learned
since your twenties for the body you had back then?
Probably no sooner than you’d like to re-live puberty,
thank you very much.
So how can you be fashionable without wearing all those
body-conscious clothes so en vogue these days? By
remembering the “3 C’s” when you dress: clean, classic, and
Clean lines create a clean silhouette which makes the body
appear more youthful by skimming the trouble spots instead
of calling attention to them. Complicated cuts, seams, and
details usually call for a killer body to pull off, so if
you haven’t got it, steer clear of those styles.
Classic styles are called classic because they remain in
style year after year. Why? Because they look good on so
many bodies! Sheathes, A-line skirts, flat front pants –
all tend to flatter a variety of shapes. What’s more,
because they remain in style year after year, classics are
easier on the budget than trends.
Covering appropriately is the key to aging gracefully. If
your upper arms, thighs, and décolletage have all seen
better days, it’s time to cover them up a bit instead of
sharing the wear-and-tear with the world. Now I’m not
talking about draping yourself in a tent for the rest of
your life. Far from it. I’m talking about wearing short
sleeves instead of going sleeveless, Capris instead of
shorts, and modest necklines instead of plunging necklines.
Now I know that covering up the parts that used to turn
heads and draw envy can be tough to take for some women.
Which is precisely why beautiful jewelry and fine fabrics
are the revenge tools of choice for many well-dressed
So your bustline isn’t as perky as your twenty-something
daughter or granddaughter. So what? Add a beautiful
necklace and draw envious glances from women of all ages.
Don’t have the same backside you did as a teen? Encase it
in a fine fabric and see how many men go …
The Edwin company can be traced back to 1947 in Japan. Buying and producing jeans was quite problematic for the Japanese people at this time as America was one of the only places to get them. Since World War II had not long finished, the relationship between the two countries was currently on thin ice. Japan were being delivered many inferior fabrics and tools and many Japanese seamsters were tiring.
K.K. Tsunemi, the founder of the Edwin company, wasn’t going to let these problems stand in his way. His passion for jeans wouldn’t fade easily and to get his hands on denim, he needed to import it. Unrelenting from his goal of becoming the first and best producer of denim jeans in Japan, he busied himself with obtaining as much fabric as he could. After import, he worked several hours everyday fixing and treating the fabric to ensure it was substantial enough for manufacture. This was a procedure made even more difficult just by deficiency of acceptable tools. Tsunemi realised that he could not reply on these offcuts and scraps from the USA and at around the same time, a few land workers were finally beginning to produce natural cotton domestically within Japan.
In 1951 the first domestically manufactured jeans were available in Japan. However, they were expensive and of inferior quality compared to their American counterparts. Using these jeans as a benchmark, Tsumeni was driven to work on his own quality domestically produced denim jeans, with greater sophistication in fits, washes and quality until in 1961, the first pair of Edwin Jeans were made. Utilising the letters in DENIM (reversing the M creating a W) he created the brand name ‘Edwin’.
By 1963 Edwin had produced the world’s heaviest ringspun denim jean (16oz), featuring the famous three-colour rainbow selvedge, which is still being used today. From this point on in Edwin denim history, quality, craftsmanship, innovation and integrity have all been paramount to the ethos and aesthetic for the brand. Over the next 50 years, Edwin grew to be a world famous body associated with jeanmaking.
In the 1970s Edwin were the first company in the world to create the old wash, designed to replicate denim which had been worn from its rigid, unwashed state. In the 1980’s Edwin invented stone washing, which revolutionised the entire denim industry and was a pivotal moment in the evolution of denim manufacturing.
Today, Edwin Jeans still follow Tsunemi’s ideas and priorities when it comes to the highest quality of denim fabrics, finishing skill, sewing techniques and fitting patterns. The brand is one of the most authentic denim labels in the world and prides itself on innovation and craftsmanship, utilising exclusive fabrics and fabrication, hand wash processes and continual progression in both fit and design.
The popularity of denim as a fashion fabric from its earlier utility as just a durable cloth is due to it’s tremendous variety as well as availability. You can wear denim in both casual looks as well as …